The Complete Beginner’s Guide to FOB Shipping

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fob shipping point vs destination

The carrier also signs the bill of lading when delivering the goods to the buyer. The seller should help the buyer/importer with acquiring any documentation necessary in the country of origin. The buyer has to accept delivery of the products once they are dispatched. Pay the full price agreed upon between the two parties in the agreement of sale. However, you should note that they extend beyond just bringing the items to the port of loading. Should any of the goods get damaged or lost during shipment, it is the buyer, not the seller who should file any claims for reimbursement. One of the terms you need to be aware of is FOB shipping point.

  • The seller fulfills all obligations up until the goods are placed at the buyer’s disposal at their premises.
  • Depending on the agreement with your supplier, your goods may be considered delivered at any point between the port of destination and your final delivery address.
  • The buyer is also able to delay ownership until the goods have been delivered to them, allowing them to do an initial inspection prior to physically accepting the goods to note any damages or concerns.
  • They will handle all concerns and have their say in any decisions that must be made.

Fob Destination, Freight Collect – The buyer pays all freight charges but does not take responsibility until the cargo gets to the destination port. Interestingly, the ownership for the goods transfers when the freight is loaded fob shipping point onto the truck from the origin point (the seller’s premises). However, cargo ownership is typically independent of the FOB Incoterm. Traditionally, the ownership transfer is defined in the contract of sale and bill of lading.

Accounting for FOB Shipping Point Terms

That amazing antique couch you saw in Turkey during your visit – you can easily buy it and have it shipped to your home country. Globalization has made it cheaper to acquire goods and products from all over the world. It has made it easier for even people who are not in business to buy things from other countries. Lastly, FOB tends to be the most cost-effective shipping option for the buyer as they can shop around for the best shipping rates available to them. If the shipping policy is FOB Origin or FOB Destination, with any additional add-on terms. Vessel means every description of watercraft, unless otherwise defined by the department, other than a seaplane on the water, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water. Destination Point means the delivery point on Carrier’s System where Product is delivered to Shipper, as such points are specified in Section III of this tariff.

Whether they spend $100 million or fifty thousand per year on shipping, Shipware has helped businesses across all sizes and industries cut costs and spend smarter. Assume a fitness equipment manufacturer receives an order for 20 treadmills from a newly opened gym across the country. The terms of the agreement are to deliver the goods FOB shipping point. FOB contracts have become more sophisticated in response to the increasing complexities of international shipping. Free on board is a trade term used to indicate whether the buyer or the seller is liable for goods that are lost, damaged, or destroyed during shipment. Unlike FOB shipping, the supplier is not required to ensure the safe movement from port to ship.

What Is FOB Shipping Point? Definition and Guide

Your quote will then cover everything after the goods are loaded onto the vessel, all the way to delivery at the address you specified. For instance, if the buyer’s location is New Orleans, the terms will read “FOB New Orleans”. For instance, if goods are designated as “FOB Miami” it means the seller is responsible for the cost of transporting the goods to the port of Miami.

  • The rates for these freight charges will fluctuate depending on the transportation mode used for transit, the cargo’s volume, as well as the type of goods being shipped.
  • Also assume that the goods are in transit until they arrive at the buyer’s location on January 2.
  • COD varies in that the customer only pays for the item purchased after it’s been delivered by the courier.
  • FOB shipping point is a further limitation or condition to FOB, as responsibility changes hands at the seller’s shipping dock.

If you’re in the shipping industry, you need to be familiar with the shipping term FOB destination and all it implies. FOB is an acronym that means “free on board,” so FOB destination means free on board destination. If you’re using the wrong credit or debit card, it could be costing you serious money. Our expert loves this top pick, which features a 0% intro APR until 2024, an insane cash back rate of up to 5%, and all somehow for no annual fee. If you use inventory management software, track each FOB delivery online to keep a close eye on it from departure to arrival.


Although FOB shipping point and FOB destination are among the most common terms, there are other agreements that vary from these two. Alternatively, FOB destination places the burden of delivery on the seller. The seller maintains ownership of the goods until they are delivered. For example, assume Company XYZ in the United States buys computers from a supplier in China and signs a FOB destination agreement. Assume the computers were never delivered to Company XYZ’s destination, for whatever reason. The supplier takes full responsibility for the computers and must either reimburse Company XYZ or reship the computers.

  • In the FOB Incoterm rules, it is essential to note that insurance is not obligated to the buyer or seller.
  • FOB Destination, Freight Prepaid – The seller delivers and pays all shipping costs until cargo arrives at the buyer’s destination port.
  • The equipment manufacturer would not record a sale until delivery to the shipping point; it is at this point the manufacturer would record an entry for accounts receivable and reduce its inventory balance.
  • The term is always used in conjunction with a port of loading.

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